Math is all about problem solving. One of the best ways to help children learn math is to present them with a problem in which they have to devise their own strategies to find the solution(s). There is usually more than 1 way to solve math problems and children need the opportunity to discover shortcuts and their own algorithms to determine the appropriate solution, they should also justify their solution(s).
The following math word problems are specific for children in the fourth grade and are divided into the main math cagegories: Number Concepts, Patterns and Algebra, Geometry and Measurement, Data Management and Probability. Children should be involved in problem solving activities every day. Problems for second grade students should be read to them. Students should also be able to describe why their solutions work or how they know it's the right solution. My favorite question to children is 'how do you know'. When they have to explain how they arrived at their answer, you immediately know the learning that has taken place.
Patterns and Algebra
Yvonne's piano teacher asked Yvonne to practice the piano for 5 minutes the first night, 10 minutes the second night, 15 minutes the third night, 20 minutes the fourth night and she doesn't have to practice on Sundays. How many nights will it take Yvonne to have 3 hours of practice?
Data Management and Probability
Travis has a red t-shirt, a green t-shirt, a blue t-shirt and an orange t-shirt. He has green, blue and black jeans. How many different combinations can he wear? Show you you organize your answer.
Kerri has to be to school by 8:30. It takes her 5 minutes to brush her teeth, 10 minutes to shower, 20 minutes to dry her hair, 10 minutes to eat breakfast and 25 minutes to walk to school. What time will she need to get up?
Geometry and Measurement.
A builder is making a model of a two story home. He is using cubes for steps. He will need 12 steps in this two story home. How many cubes will he need to show the 12 steps?
Mr. Sports wants to buy enough sod for his new field. The length of the field is 16 feet, the width of the field is 44 feet. How much sod will he need to buy? How much will it cost him if the sod sells for $5.00 per 10 feet?