In The Slope of a Line, you learned that the slope, or m, of a line describes how rapidly or slowly change is occurring.
Positive Slope = Positive Correlation
A positive slope demonstrates a positive correlation between the following:
- x and y
- input and output
- independent variable and dependent variable
- cause and effect
Positive correlation occurs when each variable in the function moves in the same direction. Look at the linear function in the picture, Positive slope, m > 0. As the values of x increase, the values of y increase. Moving from left to right, trace the line with your finger. Notice that the line increases.
Next, moving from right to left, trace the line with your finger. As the values of x decrease, the values of y decrease. Notice how the line decreases.
Positive Slope in the Real World
Samantha is planning a family reunion. The more people who attend (input), the more chairs she orders (output).
James is visiting the Bahamas. The less time that he spends snorkeling (input), the fewer tropical fish he spies (output).